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误用讲解:被动语态-2019年专升本英语考试重点-河南成教

河南成人高考网www.hncrgk.com.cn 发布时间: 2018年11月21日

英语误用讲解:被动语态

       1、中文:他们结婚两年了。

  (误)They have married for two years.

  (正)They have been married for two years.(表示已婚状态的持续,要用完成时的被动式。)

  2、中文:他被所有学生嘲笑。

  (误)He was laughed by all the pupils.

  (正)He was laughed at by all the pupils.(不及物动词+介词=及物动词,变被动语态时介词不能省略。)

  3、中文:英语难学。

  (误)English is difficult to be learned.

  (正)English is difficult to learn.(英语难学=学英语难,也可说It's difficult to learn English.原句的主语实际上是不定式的逻辑宾语,不定式要用主动形式。)

  4、中文:汤姆问我这些岛屿是否属于美国。

  (误)Tom asked me if these islands are belonged to America.

  (正)Tom asked me if these islands belonged to America.

  5、中文:中国发生了很大变化。

  (误)Great changes have been taken place in China.

  (正)Great changes have taken place in China.

  6、中文:战争于一九三七年爆发。

  (误)The war was broken out in 1937.

  (正)The war broke out in 1937.(take place,break out,happen,belong to等不及物动词或短语动词没有被动语态形式。)

  7、中文:我看不清黑板。也许你需要检查你的眼睛。

  (误)I can't see the blackboard very well.Perhaps you need to examine your eyes.

  (正)I can't see the blackboard very well.Perhaps you need to have your eyes examined.(表示使某物被别人…,通常使用have或get+物+过去分词表示。)

  8、中文:他命令马上开始工作。

  (误)He ordered the work to start at once.

  (正)He ordered the work to be started at once.(不定式作宾语补语时,若与宾语是被动关系,要用不定式的被动形式。)

  9、中文:他试图不介入政治。

  (误)He tried not to have mixed up in politics.

  (正)He tried not to get mixed up in politics.(get作系动词,可代替be,后接过去分词表示被动,have无此功能。)

  10、中文:据说他很富有。

  (误)They say him to have been rich.

  (正)He is said to have been rich.(say后不可接不定式,但它的被动语态后可接不定式。)

  11、中文:那人被认为是个傻子。

  (误)The man thought to be a fool.

  (正)The man was thought to be a fool.(主语是动作的承受者而不是发出者,用被动语态。)